About This CD
J. S. Bach, Italian Concerto:
The Concerto in the Italian Manner, commonly, called the Italian Concerto, was published in 1735. Written for solo harpsichord with two keyboards, this master piece reveals Bach the organist, Bach the symphonist, and Bach the master of concerto form. The three movements comprising the concerto-Allegro, Andante, Presto-conform to the general plan of the concerto in Italy. This 'Concerto' represents the clavier arrangement of an orchestral work with a single soloist.
Ludwig van Beethoven, Sonata op. 109:
Beethoven's last three sonatas – Op. 109, Op. 110, Op. 111 – stand as his most intimate and movingly introspective keyboard works. He gives full vent to his artistic dictates in subjectivism, with no apparent concern about explicit formal matters. The finale of Op. 109 is a theme and variation. This is the first time Beethoven used a theme and variation as a piano-sonata finale, and this is certainly his finest contribution to the form.
Franz Liszt, Sonata in b minor:
Liszt's virtuosic piano sonata (1852-53) is in one movement and comprises sections in different tempos and employs the technique of thematic transformation. It is divided into three sections: Lento assai-Allegro energico, Andante Sostenuto, and Allegro energico. Three themes, stated in the first section, undergo thematic transformation throughout the work. This historical landmark was the first nineteenth-century sonata in one movement and most significant advance in sonata form since Beethoven.